Sun, 24 Sep 2017 11:18:01



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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) instrument is the most widely used personality assessment in the world. Formally translated into 16 1anguages, it is a growing force in team building, leadership and individual development in organizations. Based on the breakthrough work of Carl Jung, the MBTI assessment provides a description of individuals’ preferences for two cognitive activities: taking in information and organizing and processing the information in order to make decisions

People make use of their entire range of cognitive processes but tend to have a preference for using one over all the others. Understanding these preferences and the role they play in people’s behavior can help increase collaboration and improve relationships, productivity, and efficiency in a work environment.

Based on Carl Jung's theories, Myers concluded there were four primary ways people differed from one another. She labelled these differences "preferences" - drawing a similarity to "hand preferences" to illustrate that although we all use both of our hands, most of us have a preference for one over the other and "it" takes the lead in many of the activities in which we use our hands. The first set of mental preferences relates to how people "Perceive" or take in information.

S - Those who prefer Sensing Perception favor clear, tangible data and information that fits in well with their direct here-and-now experience
N - Those who prefer Intuition Perception are drawn to information that is more abstract, conceptual, big-picture, and represents imaginative possibilities for the future.
The second set of mental preferences identifies how people form "Judgments" or make decisions.
T- Those who prefer Thinking Judgment have a natural preference for making decisions in an objective, logical, and analytical manner with an emphasis on tasks and results to be accomplished
F- Those whose preference is for Feeling Judgment make their decisions in a somewhat global, visceral, harmony and value-oriented way, paying particular attention to the impact of decisions and actions on other people
I- Those who prefer Introversion draw their primary energy from the inner world of information, thoughts, ideas, and other reflections. When circumstances require an excessive amount of attention spent in the "outside" world, those preferring Introversion find the need to retreat to a more private setting as if to recharge their drained batteries.
E - In contrast, those who prefer Extraversion are drawn to the outside world as their elemental source of energy. Rarely, if ever, do extraverted preference people feel their energy batteries are "drained" by excessive amounts of interaction with the
outside world. They must engage the things, people, places and activities going on in the outside world for their life force
J- Those who prefer Judging rely upon either their T or F preference to manage their outer life. This typically leads to a style oriented towards closure, organization, planning, or in some fashion managing the things and or people found in the external environment. The drive is to order the outside world. While some people employ an assertive manner, others "ordering touch" - with respect to people - may be light.
P- Those who prefer Perceiving rely upon either their S or N preference to run their outer life. This typically results in an open, adaptable, flexible style of relating to the things and people found in the outside world. The drive is to experience the outside world rather than order it; in general lack of closure is easily tolerated.

The permutations of these four preference dichotomies result in the 16 personality types that form the basis of Myers' model and the MBTI inventory. Differences in these mental preferences lead to quite different value structures and communication styles, which can hamper mutual understanding and cooperation.